Lumbar Puncture

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This surgery is performed for one or more of the following reasons:

  • To collect cerebrospinal fluid for laboratory analysis.
  • To measure the pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid.
  • To inject spinal anesthetics, chemotherapy drugs, or other medications into the lumbar region.
  • To inject a dye or radioactive substances into the cerebrospinal fluid to make diagnostic images of the fluid’s flow.

A lumbar puncture can help in the diagnosis of various conditions such as:

  • Serious bacterial, fungal and viral infections
  • Bleeding around the brain
  • Cancers involving the brain or spinal cord
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Multiple sclerosis

Lumbar Puncture Procedure

  • The patient is asked to lie on their side with their knees drawn up in front.
  • A local anesthetic is injected into the lower back to numb the puncture site before inserting the needle.
  • A thin needle is inserted between the two lower vertebrae through the spinal membrane and into the spinal canal.
  • Once the needle is in position, the patient may be asked to change their position slightly.
  • The cerebrospinal fluid pressure is measured, a small amount of this fluid is withdrawn and the pressure is measured again. If required, a drug is also injected.
  • The needle is then removed, and the puncture site is covered with a bandage.


The patient is usually asked to lie down for 10-15 minutes. In most cases, they are free to go home after the procedure.

Post-Procedure Care

When the patient returns home after the surgery, they are recommended to do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:

  • Drink extra fluids for the next 24 hours
  • Take complete rest for at least 24 hours
  • Follow the doctor’s instructions

Even though lumbar punctures are generally recognized as safe, they do carry some risks such as:

  • Post-lumbar puncture headache
  • Back pain or discomfort
  • Bleeding
  • Brainstem herniation
  • Pain or abnormal burning, or tingling sensations in legs
  • Allergic reaction to the anesthetic
  • Infection
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A lumbar puncture operation is performed in the lumbar region of the lower back. During this surgery, a needle is inserted between two bones of the lumbar vertebrae to remove a sample of cerebrospinal fluid. The cerebrospinal fluid is the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord to protect them from injury. It usually takes 30-45 minutes for the entire process.

This surgery is very useful in diagnosing serious infections such as meningitis, central nervous system diseases such as Guillain-Barre syndrome and multiple sclerosis, or cancers of the brain or spinal cord. In a few conditions, doctors use lumbar punctures to inject anesthetic medications or chemotherapy drugs into the cerebrospinal fluid.

Before this surgery, a CT scan is usually carried out to get a detailed picture of the area.

The average cost of lumbar puncture in India is approximately Rs. 1500. However, the prices may vary depending upon the hospitals in different cities.

  • Lowest cost in India begins from Rs.400
  • Average cost in India can be approximately Rs.826
  • Maximum cost in India is up to Rs.1500
What is the average cost of Lumbar Puncture in Hyderabad?

The cost of lumbar puncture in Hyderabad starts from Rs.170 and average cost is Rs.761. Yet, the cost depends upon multiple factors.


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