Types Of Piles Surgery
- Hemorrhoidectomy: In this process, the anus is gently opened to cut out the hemorrhoids completely.
- Transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialisation (THD): Also known as Haemorrhoidal Artery Ligation (HALO). In this procedure, a Doppler Ultrasound probe is attached to the anus, and produces ultrasound waves to help detect the blood vessels that supply blood to the hemorrhoids. These blood vessels are then stitched to cut further blood flow.
- Stapling: This surgery helps to treat internal hemorrhoids only. In this procedure, the end section of the large intestine is stapled to restrict the hemorrhoids from prolapsing and to reduce blood supply to them. Over time, these hemorrhoids reduce in size considerably.
- Rubber band ligation: It is used to treat bleeding or prolapsing internal hemorrhoids. In this procedure, a rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid to restrict its blood supply. This will eventually lead to falling off of the hemorrhoid.
- Sclerotherapy: In this procedure, the doctor injects a chemical solution into an internal hemorrhoid to relieve pain by making nerve endings numb around the area.
Post-surgery patients are recommended to follow certain steps to help in recovery:
- Eating a fiber-rich diet
- Avoid sitting for long periods
- Drinking plenty of water
- Avoid straining during a bowel movement
- Avoid regular, heavy lifting
The type of surgical procedure used is dependent on various factors such as hemorrhoid size, severity, and location and directly affects piles operation cost.
Piles surgery is also known as hemorrhoid surgery. Hemorrhoids are the swollen vessels inside or around the anus and rectum and this surgery is aimed at removing these swollen blood vessels that cause severe bleeding, or pain. However, it is important to understand that surgery is recommended only when other changes such as a change in diet, etc. are ineffective or to remove multiple hemorrhoids.
Piles can be of two types depending on their location:
- External: They form under the skin of the anus. Symptoms of this condition are itching, pain around the anus, or formation of tender lumps.
- Internal: They form within the lining of the anus and lower rectum. Symptoms of this condition include bleeding during bowel movements, or hemorrhoid falling out of the anus.